ICMA PRESENTS: “MELANGE”
From Dhrupad to Ghazal, Indian classical music has evolved through a cultural synthesis of several musical streams – predominantly vedic, Persian, and folk. Melange, as the name suggests, is a hand-picked assortment of the genres that enrich the musical tradition of India. In order to whet your appetite for what is sure to be a spectacular event, we thought we’d share some history and interesting facts about Indian classical and semi-classical music.
Indian classical music originates from the Samaveda, an ancient Sanskrit text written around 1700 BC that describes music at length. Dhrupad is based on this text and traces its roots to the 12th century AD, making it one of the oldest styles of Indian classical music still sung today. A dhrupad performance is characterized by a long and metered improvisation of a raga followed by a short bandish, or melodic composition. Originally sung mostly in temples, Dhrupad was popularized through the 16th century AD with strong patronage from the Rajput and Mughal kings. Emperor Akbar is among the most well-known of these kings. Miyan Tansen, a musician in his court, is often considered to be the Father of Hindustani, or North Indian, classical music. Around the 17th century AD, a new, more open and flexible style of classical music called Khayal evolved from Dhrupad. A khayal presentation is characterized by a shorter introductory improvisation than Dhrupad, a slow bandish with improvisation, and then an increase in speed with additional, faster improvisation called taans. Khayal gained popularity among artists largely because of its openness and greater scope for extemporization compared to Dhrupad. Khayal is the most prominent form of Hindustani classical music performed today.
Dadra : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oHmMnAuDpWg
Here’s a beautiful Kabir bhajan: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_buuncAm9Ts
Bhimsen Joshi Teerth Vitthal Abhang: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ay8svwxzmrI